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Food Service Sanitation - Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

Standard operating procedures are often called SOPs. They are procedures that describe the steps your employees need to take to complete a task. They also help to make sure you are complying with the food code and Michigan food law. The purpose of SOPs is to keep food safe throughout the preparation process. You should use the SOPs to train the staff members responsible for the tasks.

  
You must have SOPs for…

  • Handwashing
  • Personal hygiene, including cuts and sores
  • Preventing bare hand contact with ready-to-eat food (gloves, utensils, etc.)
  • Employee illness
  • Purchasing food from approved sources
  • Cleaning and sanitizing food contact surfaces

     
You may also need SOPs for…

  • Cross-contamination prevention
  • Warewashing
  • Date-marking ready-to-eat, potentially hazardous food
  • Using time only (not time and temperature) as a method to control bacterial growth
  • Time and temperature control for thawing potentially hazardous food
  • Time and temperature control for cooking potentially hazardous food
  • Time and temperature control for cooling potentially hazardous food
  • Time and temperature control for reheating potentially hazardous food
  • Time and temperature control for hot holding potentially hazardous food
  • Time and temperature control for cold holding potentially hazardous food
  • Special transitory food units (STFU’s) only – water supply
  • Special transitory food units (STFU’s) only – wastewater disposal

   


SOP Builder

To help you write your SOPs, you can use the SOP Builder. SOP Builder is not a part of this web site. If you choose to download it, the program and all data will reside entirely on your personal computer. (The SOP Builder does not work on Mac computers.)

  

 

SOP Builder Download and Installation

   

Click this link to begin downloading the SOP Builder program to your computer.

   

After you click the link, you will be asked to "Run" or "Save" the program on your computer.

   

If you choose to run the file, the file to be downloaded will place itself in your temp folder while it extracts itself and it will (1) create a new folder C:\SOPBuilder on your computer and (2) load that folder with new files needed to run that program and to provide you with instructions about using the program. When you have completed these actions, you may launch the new program by clicking on the file SOPBuilder.exe in the new folder (C:\SOPBuilder). The program does not automatically place an icon on your computer's desktop so you may want to create a shortcut.

     

If you choose to save the file, it will download to a folder on your computer by default or by your choice. Often, that folder will be download or temp. Be sure to observe where it is being saved because you will need to go to that folder, open it and then double click the file named SOPbuilder.exe. These actions will cause the new program to extract itself from that main file and it will (1) create a new folder C:\SOPBuilder on your computer and (2) load that folder with new files needed to run that program and to provide you with instructions about using the program. When you have completed these actions, you may launch the new program by clicking on the file SOPBuilder.exe in the new folder (C:\SOPBuilder). The program doesn't automatically place an icon on your computer's desktop so you may want to create a shortcut.

   

If you cannot download or install the program using these instructions, please call (231) 724-4406. Once you have the program installed there are help files to assist with the various program functions. There is also a Contact tab in the program so that you will be able to get further assistance when needed. By default, you will see Allegan County in a drop down list on the contact page. Click the arrow to the right hand side of that text and scroll to select Muskegon County.

  

Reinstalling the SOP Builder program will cause all previous SOPs you created to be lost.

 

     

Special thanks to Kalamazoo County Health Department for making the SOP Builder program available to other Michigan local public health departments.